Anal fissures or Anorectal fissures are a common ailment. About one person out of 10 may contact this illness. It is an extremely uncomfortable and painful disease that involves severe pain, needle pricking, and burning sensations while defecating.
The anal fissure is the commonest in the age group of 25 to 50 years, but it can happen to any individual irrespective of the age. Ayurveda provides a natural alternative treatment that works towards curing the problem, without the need for surgery.
What are anal fissures?
An anal fissure or Anorectal fissure or Anal ulcer is a tear or an open sore or crack in the anorectal region. When the lower end skin lining of the Anus get scratched, it may break up and develop into the anal fissure. In case of males, the occurrence of fissure happens on midline posteriorly. It is the commonest one, amounting to 90%, whereas only 10% males suffer from fissures on anteriorly. In females, the ratio of fissures on midline posteriorly and anteriorly is 60:40.
The causes of anal fissures
The causes of anal fissures are as follows
- The anal aperture getting over-stretched due to overstraining for a period of time
- In case of women, the trauma during childbirth
- Tissue ruptures due to sexually transmitted diseases
- Chronic constipation or prolonged diarrhea
- Imperfect surgery of piles
- Medical problems such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Leukemia, and Anal cancer
The symptoms of anal fissures
The symptoms of anal fissures are listed below
- Extreme pain during and after defecation
- Spasms in the anus
- Bleeding from rectum
- A feeling of Itching, in and around anus
- Frequent constipation
- An increase in the frequency of urination or inability to urinate
Ayurvedic approach to treating anal fissures
The Ayurveda focuses on curing the root cause of a medical problem, so that it is cured and the potential for its recurrence is nullified. Ayurveda uses herb based ointments or pastes for the dermal application that is natural, antiseptic and antibacterial.
The internal medication involves herbs, dietary changes, and lifestyle changes to relieve constipation, promote softer stool and healing the damaged tissues. Ayurveda works towards strengthening the digestive system, enhancing the tissue healing, and promoting the immune system.
The Ayurvedic herbs for treating anal fissures
The various natural herbs used in Ayurveda to treat anal fissures are listed below
- Haritaki or Terminalia Chebula - This strong herb helps in digestion and it's instrumental in treating gastrointestinal ailments. It's clubbed with Amalaki and Vibhitaki to make Triphala.
- Vibhitaki or Terminalia Belerica - The herb is beneficial in treating heart-related problems and it maintains the blood quality.
- Amalaki or Emblica Officinalis - This rejuvenating herb is a rich source of antioxidants and it promotes cell regeneration. It aids in digestion by soothing hyperacidity. It keeps the intestine clean, improves metabolism and it has gastrointestinal properties.
- Curcumin or Curcuma Longa - This herb is used to treat cancer, digestive and liver-related It has anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory properties. It's a rich source of antioxidants.
- Neem or Azadirachta Indica - It's a widely used herb in India and it has antibacterial properties.
The primary aspect of preventing and soothing anal fissures are a healthy digestion and a stool movement. This involves a healthy diet that includes fiber-rich food items, regular exercises, and relaxation through meditation. All these activities and habits are an integral part of Ayurvedic treatment.
- Munipile tablet relives constipation and gaseous distention of abdomen. Improves digestion naturally.
- Koshta shuddhi tablet: this tablet can be administrated if the fissure occurs due to complaints like diarrhea. Reduces intestinal motility. Improves intestinal absorption.
- Munipile oil: used for external application. Relives constipation and gaseous distension naturally improves digestion naturally.